Personal Protective Equipment

Occupational Safety Handbook

Chemical resistant gloves

Chemical resistance of safety gloves depends on the properties and thickness of the glove material.

Chemical resistance of gloves material for classes of chemicals:

Chemical resistance of safety gloves

Chemical resistant of different gloves

Chemical resistant gloves EN 374
In accordance with the standard EN 374, chemical-resistant gloves are indicated by an icon. At the top of the figure is the standard number. At the bottom of the figure are arranged letters. Each letter is a class of chemicals which have been successfully tested. That is, the gloves can be used successfully for more than 30 minutes.

Chemical-Resistant Gloves for different classes of chemicals:

Code Class of chemicals
(test substance)
Application Recommendations for the use of chemical-resistant gloves
A Alcohols
In organic synthesis, as fuel, solvents, hydraulic fluids and lubricants in the food industry, cosmetics and medicine. Good chemical resistance to alcohols at safety gloves made ​​of nitrile and neoprene. In PVC gloves - satisfactory. In natural latex weakest resistance.
B Ketones
Acetone, dimethyl ketone, methyl ethyl ketone, acetophenone, benzophenone, and others. Application: solvents, raw materials for the synthesis of organic substances. High resistance to acetone and other ketones provide chemical-resistant gloves made ​​of butyl rubber. Latex and neoprene -  satisfactory protection.
С Ethers
Solvents, plasticizers, flavors. In medicine - metilsalitsat, validol salol.
To work with the esters are also recommended chemical-resistant gloves made ​​of butyl rubber. Neoprene, PVC and nitrile can only be used to protect against splashes.
D Chlorinated hydrocarbons (dichloromethane) Derivatives of methane, methyl chloride, dichloromethane, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride. Derivatives of acetylene and aromatic hydrocarbons: ethylene dichloride, ethylene dichloride, mono and dichlorobenzene and the like. Application: as detergents for clothes, as disinfectants, refrigeration and others.
For chlorinated hydrocarbons are recommended chemical-resistant gloves made ​​of Viton (fluorinated rubber), Teflon and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). Splashguard can use nitrile gloves.
E Organic compounds containing sulfur (disulfide) Thioalcohols thioaldehydes, monotio- and diotiokisloty et al. Usually have a very unpleasant odor; high toxicity.
F Aromatic hydrocarbons (toluene)
Benzene, toluene, naphthalene, xylene, anthracene and derivatives thereof. Application: for the manufacture of plastics, drugs, solvents, pesticides and others.
Better protection against any aromatic hydrocarbons provide chemical resistant gloves made ​​of Viton. For naphthalene and gasoline suitable gloves made ​​of nitrile. Nitrile also provide little protection from benzene.
G Amines (diethylamino)
Very toxic. Excellent chemical resistance to amines with butyl safety gloves. Good - in neoprene and nitrile. In PVC and latex - satisfactory.
H Heterocyclic compound (tetrahydrofuran).
Used in the manufacture of plastics, dyes, as in medicine (quinine, morphine, pyramidon et al.).
Satisfactory chemical stability to tetrahydrofuran are only safety gloves butyl.
I Esters
"animal fats"
(ethyl acetate)
Solvents, fragrances, natural fats. Linseed, sunflower and other oils, mutton, fish  fats. Good protection against esters, including the natural fats, provide chemically resistant gloves made ​​of neoprene and nitrile.
J Saturated hydrocarbons
(H - heptane)
Oil, natural gas (methane, propane, butane, etc..), Gasoline, kerosene, diesel e. fuel, etc.. Application: fuel (engine, jet), solvents, raw materials for the chemical industry.
To protect against oil are gloves made ​​of nitrile. Chemical resistance to hydrocarbons on the order of the nitrile and neoprene exceeds PVC. Latex gloves for working with petroleum products in general are not designed. (see oil resistant gloves)
K Alkali
(caustic soda 40%)
Hydroxides of alkali and alkaline earth metals. Water-soluble strong bases. The most commonly used sodium hydroxide (caustic soda, caustic soda, caustic alkali). All of the above chemical resistant gloves provide excellent resistance to alkalis.
L Inorganic acids (sulfuric acid 93%)
Sulfuric, hydrochloric, nitric ... With a weak acid solution (20%) can work in virtually any rubber safety gloves. When working with concentrated acids, chemical-resistant gloves should be selected on the recommendations (see the acid-resistant gloves).